United Nations leaders enthusiastically welcomed the Nobel Peace Prize awarded Friday to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, a recognition that appears particularly poignant at a time of rising nuclear threats from North Korea.
He said that there is still work to do in order to abolish nuclear weapons.
"The election of President Donald Trump has made a lot of people feel very uncomfortable with the fact that he alone can authorise the use of nuclear weapons", she said, adding that the U.S. leader had a track record of "not listening to expertise".
ICAN argues that any use of nuclear weapons would lead to catastrophic consequences for which there could be no effective humanitarian response, and so eliminating them is the only way to prevent their use.
NATO relies on nuclear weapons as a deterrent against other nations that its members consider to be potential enemies, which is why it is unlikely that they will ever sign any treaty restricting their access to such weapons.
"We didn't quite believe it when we received the call", Mr Wright said.
Although the Nobel committee was explicit in saying it was not sending a political message to a specific leader, it was clear that there were implications for both Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, who have invoked the threat of nuclear force.
"They have also shown the utter bankruptcy of the argument put forward by nuclear-armed states that nuclear weapons help keep the world safe: safety laced with the spectre of annihilation is an absurd fallacy".
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Treaty negotiations were held over the course of a few months and led by non-nuclear countries, hibakusha and outspoken civil society groups - with ICAN at the forefront. As soon as Treaty has been ratified by 50 States, prohibition of Nuclear Weapons will enter into force and be binding under global law for all countries that are parties to Treaty, added Reiss-Andersen in his speech.
The agreement struck in 2015 between Iran and world powers drastically curbed Tehran s nuclear enrichment capability in return for a lifting of punishing economic sanctions.
ICAN, an global nongovernmental organization headquartered in Geneva, won the award for its decade-long push for the treaty to take effect.
The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), which the Nobel committee rewarded for its efforts to consign the atomic bomb to history, was a key player in the treaty's adoption by 122 countries at the United Nations in July. Why does Pakistan want nuclear weapons? And yet, the organization's track record also indicates how long the path toward a nuclear weapons-free world will be.
"So as a effect, having the Nobel Peace Prize in the mix, I worry that it will not be helpful to bridging that divide", says Izewicz.
The nuclear powers oppose the treaty, which goes well beyond existing nonproliferation agreements, arguing they alone should have the weapons in order to support stability in the world. "I can imagine a world without nuclear weapons, and I support ICAN", the Dalai Lama declares. "But as long as nuclear weapons exist, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation will remain a nuclear alliance".
He said the win will "make an impact" on Japan and other countries absent from the treaty.